Introduction to Linux Distributions
In addition to being open-source, Linux is also customizable. It means that anybody can download Linux as per their usage and modify them.
Many different communities have customized Linux as needed. This is why there are so many variations of Linux available in the market. These variations are called Linux distributions.
However variations in the number of Linux are available, but in all these core Linux operating systems (kernel) is the same. No changes are made in the Linux kernel.
Considering different tasks, many communities have created different distributions of Linux. You must be surprised to know that Linux is also working at the core of the Android operating system.
Some of the popular distributions of Linux are being explained further.
This Linux distribution is designed by the Red Hat organization. It was developed for commercial purposes. It is also known as RHEL. This release is released on desktop and server in two versions. ARM64 and IBMZ are available in this distribution server.
Ubuntu is a Debian-based free and open-source Linux distribution. This is the third most popular operating system after Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac. This distribution is available in desktop, server, and cloud three versions. Ubuntu 18.10 is the latest Ubuntu version.
This is made by the Fedora project supported by the Linux distribution community. It is supported by Red Hat Enterprise.
Industry-leading free and open-source software programs are available in this Linux distribution. This distribution is also quite popular.
Debian is a UNIX like operating system. It is fully manufactured by free software packages. This project was started by Lan Murdock in 1993.
Debian’s stable release is very popular for personal computers and network servers. Many other distributions have been built on the basis of this distribution.
Linux Mint is a Linux distribution supported by a community. It is built on the basis of Ubuntu and Debian. This is an easy-to-use operating system.
This distribution provides complete support for multimedia through some proprietary software. Apart from this, some free and open-source programs have also been included in it.
Arch Linux is a Linux distribution designed for computers based on the X86-64 architecture. It is made up of a combination of free and open-source software programs. Anyone can contribute to it by joining its community.
Work on the Arch Linux rolling release model. Updates are continued in this model which improves the system on a continuous basis. Arch Linux is quite famous among developers.
CentOS (Community Enterprise Operating System) is a free enterprise-class Linux operating system. Apart from being an Enterprise-class, this community is also supported. This is compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Gentoo Linux is a Linux distribution built by the Portage package management system. This is done locally compile based on the convenience of the source code user, not like a binary distribution.
Speed and machine-specific optimization are the features of Gentoo Linux.
It has been developed jointly by Linux SUSE Linux GmbH and other companies. The aim of creating this was to provide a set of open-source tools to software developers and system administrators. In addition to this distribution, you get a user-friendly desktop and server environment with multiple features.
This distribution was created by Patrick Volkerding in 1993. This distribution is based on the Softlanding Linux System. Many other Linux distributions have been created based on this distribution. For example, SUSE is built on a Linux distribution Slackware basis.